Coordinating through staffing – Coordinating is part of staffing, because it specifies who will be a staff and its rational placement. According to Mooney and Relay, “Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals”. It motivates the employees. 3. These two forms of coordination are described below. Fig 1 Importance of coordinating function. Hence coordinating the activities becomes a major task of the management in a large organization. Coordinating also improves workers efficiency since their work does not go waste and produces the desired results. Coordinating function is an essential function for achieving a balanced organizational performance. This preview shows page 17 - 20 out of 220 pages. Coordination ensures unity of action by acting as a binding force between departments. It will take less then a minute, Marketing Concepts and Comparison with Selling Concepts, Role of Safety and its Importance in a Steel Organization, Role of Leadership in the Management of Organizations, Technological and other processes/equipments associated with steel industry, Management in steel plant along with training and development, Raw materials and other materials used in steel plants, Bulk Material Storage and Storage Yard Machines. Coordinating gives complete freedom to the employees. Managers practice coordination deliberately so as to give a direction to the efforts of the individuals of the organisation. The main parameters which determine the effective vertical coordination are (i) degree of formalization, (ii) hierarchical structure, (iii) centralization and decentralization of authority, (iv) delegation of powers, and (v) division of operational and functional positions. Co-ordination is the unification and integration of the efforts of group members to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals. Co-ordination ensures unity in direction in the midst of diversified activities: By bringing together the different divisions and parts into oneness of the enterprise, co­ordination enables the management authority to see the enterprise as one unified whole from its different segments. ... How it integrates group efforts and ensures unity of action. It means during coordinating process an effort is made to create unity among the various activities of an organisation. Coordination is one of the key functions of management. State any other 2 objectives which they should fulfill? The coordinating function of the management prevents overlapping and conflict so that the unity of action is achieved. Here are some reasons which describe the importance of coordination in management:. Clear Cut Chain of Command: The line of authority should be clearly demarcated. It ultimately helps in reconciliation of goals, total accomplishment of organizational objectives, and maintenance of harmonious relationship between different groups and ensuring economy and efficiency in the organization. Create your account. Give any 2 importances of the above asked element. It helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces. Vertical coordination is aimed at linking activities at higher levels and lower levels of the management for the achievement of the organizational objectives. It encourages team spirit. There is no need for coordination when only single individual is working. Coordination is the art of achieving har­mony of group efforts for the accomplishment of organizational goals. google_ad_height = 250; In every organization, different types of work are performed by various departments and work groups and no single department or work group on its own can be expected to achieve the goals of the organization as a whole. Give two important functions, Mr. X must perform? Different management experts have described the coordinating function of the management in the following way. Coordination Definition: Coordination can be described as that invisible cord, which runs through all the activities of the organization and binds them together. It ensures unity of action among individuals, work groups and departments, and brings harmony in carrying out the different activities and tasks so as to achieve the organizational goals efficiently. Coordination brings unity of action and integrates different activities of organisation. Coordination encourages team spirit. It is not a function of the management, rather it is the essence of management, which is needed at all levels and at each step of the firm, to achieve the objectives of the organization. Increase in efficiency and economy : – coordination brings efficiency because it is an effort of all organizational members. Co-ordination is the unification and integration of the efforts of group members to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals. 14. Horizontal coordination is intended to harmonize activities in hierarchical levels similar or close, but belonging to different departments. Coordination is the essence of management for the achievement of harmony of individual efforts towards the accomplishment of group goals. By welding together different departments and sections into one entity, coordinating ensures the stability and growth of an organization. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7057920448327527"; Coordination and Cooperation Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of efforts to provide unity of action in the fulfillment of common objective whereas co-operation denotes collective efforts of persons working in an enterprise voluntarily for the achievement of a particular purpose. Coordination is the art of achieving har­mony of group efforts for the accomplishment of organizational goals. 38. They will feel that they have earned that place. Co-ordination is a continuous or on-going process. It improves goodwill of the organization. Management ensures through coordinating that there is no difference in actual performance as compared to the standard performance so as to achieve the organizational goals. That is, if there is good coordinating between the groups then the combined achievement of the groups will be greater than the total of the achievement of the individual group, i.e. It is a hidden force which binds all the other functions of management. (b) Co-ordination ensures unity of action: The purpose of co-ordination is to secure unity of action in the realization of a common purpose. Co-ordination is the unification, integration, synchronization of the efforts of group members so as to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals. For example, the purchase and sales departments have to coordinate their efforts so that supply of goods takes place according to purchase orders. The effective and efficient coordinating of internal and external organizational components help in reducing internal and external complexities and uncertainties in the organization thus increasing productivity, integrating macro and micro level organizational dynamics, connecting of roles among inter and intra organizational groups, bridging performance and trust among competing organizational groups, and defining organizational tasks and their accomplishment. For example, in a manufacturing business, the production department, sales department and purchase department are all reciprocally interdependent. Its performance earns goodwill amongst its stakeholders. Hence, the need for coordinating becomes greater and it becomes a major responsibility for the management. It provides unity of action and helps to avoid conflicts between line and staff elements. Horizontal relations facilitate aligning employees to the same hierarchical level, to cope with sharing of complex problems without the involvement of superiors. 1 Answer +1 vote . The degree of centralization of authority reflects the concentration of the upper levels in the organizational structure. It acts as the binding force between different departments and ensures that all action is aimed at achieving the goals of the organisation. It is a function of managers in all departments and branches of the organization, and applies to all the levels of the management. Which two values is the company achieving by their activities? Due to it, there are several division and sub-division of activities. How does coordination ensure unity of action in management?. There is no need for coordination when only single individual is working. It is required in each and every function and at each and every stage. Jul 29,2020 - Coordination ensure unity of action. departments. Coordinating through organizing – Coordinating is the very essence of organizing. It is the process of organizing people or groups so that they work together properly and well. On the receipt of report, the expected, and actual results of sales executives were compared, on this basis, future course of action was decided. It improves organizational effectiveness. Coordination is one of the key functions of management. It needs professional, competent leadership, a democratic style that leads to trust, open communication, and ease of information flow. Coordination ensures unity of action by acting as a binding force between departments. All activities should be performed within the framework of policies, procedures etc. It also consists of developing relationship with stakeholders and the environment under which the organization operates. 1. In ABC Ltd., the purchase department purchased 20 tones of raw material, for production department. Coordination is the function of management which ensures that different departments and groups work in sync. Coordination affects all the functions of management. The sales Executive also wrote in, their report what the expectations of the customers from the company, were. Since the coordinating is done through people, with people and between people, it helps in removing misunderstanding between the people and thus improving the inter personnel relationship between the employees. The presence of coordination becomes part of their job experience and hence can form a very useful part of their training.” Thus, coordination is indispensable for an effective management. Coordination does not come automatically. According to Charles Worth, “Co-ordination is the integration of several parts into an orderly hole to achieve the purpose of understanding”. /* 300x250, created 1/18/11 */ Co-ordination ensures unity in direction in the midst of diversified activities: By bringing together the different divisions and parts into oneness of the enterprise, co­ordination enables the management authority to see the enterprise as one unified whole from its different segments. It makes optimum utilization of resources. Unity of action: – an enterprise has diverse resources; technique, activities etc, and they all must be coordinates to bring unity through unity in action. By welding together different departments and sections into one entity, coordination ensures the stability and growth of an organisation. Quality of coordination determines the effectiveness of organized efforts. Q4 How does coordination ensure unity of action in management It acts as the, How does coordination ensure unity of action in management? – Mooney and Reelay, “Co-ordination is the integration of several parts into an orderly hole to achieve the purpose of understanding”. Explain. Through the ispatguru.com website I share my knowledge and experience gained through my association with the steel industry for over 54 years. 3. It needs an open, two-way channel of communication. How does coordination ensure unity of action in management? Management always ensures that, for better coordination, the right number of personnel in various positions with right type of education and skills are taken so that there are right men on the right job. This is impossible in the physical world, but it is possible in human affairs through coordinating. Therefore, coordination is heartbeat of organization which brings integration of efforts and action among employees in the organization. Unity of direction: Co-ordination helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces and by welding different work groups it facilitates the stability and growth of an organisation. Planning facilitates co-ordination by integrating the various plans through mutual discussion, exchange of ideas. In other words, coordinating function is the orderly arrangement of individual and group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of a common goal. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Coordinating function of the management consists of inter-relating the various parts of the work as well as the work of different departments. Coordination motivates the employees to consider their work from the point of view of business and so the employees will willingly contribute towards the success of the concern. 2. All of them did the same. Ask questions, doubts, problems and we will help you. In an organization, all the departments must operate in an integrated manner so that the organizational goals are duly achieved. It ensures unity of action among individuals, work groups and departments, and brings harmony in carrying out the different activities and tasks so as to achieve the organizational goals efficiently. It encourages the employees to show initiative. Coordination ensures unity of action in the realization of a common objective. It facilitates motivation. Coordination is a continuous process as it begins at planning stage and continues till controlling. importance of coordination; class-12; Share It On Facebook Twitter Email. The significance of coordinating as a function of management mainly arises from the fact that work performed by different departments and groups form integral part of the total work for which the organization exists. Frequency of use increases the extent of multiplication of horizontal links information processing requirements relating to production. This article provides information about the nature/features of coordination in management! It involves a sharing atmosphere as well as commonly agreed on direction. Planning is an exercise of coordination as a good plan requires prefect harmonization between means and ends. The significance of coordinating function becomes more important when the size and scale of operation is large in the organization. It acts as the binding force between different departments and ensures that all action is aimed at achieving the goals of the organisation. Identify the feature of co-ordination being highlighted in the given statement: “Coordination is not a one time function, it begins at the planning stage and continue till controlling.” (a) Coordination ensures unity of action (b) Coordination is an all pervasive function (c) Coordination is a continuous process Give reason. 1. Four major directions are known to promote horizontal coordination are (i) buffer resources, (ii) information systems, (iii) horizontal relations (cooperation) and (iv) managers coordinators. The managers have to make special efforts to get coordination. But, to ensure that their efforts are not in conflict with each other, employees activities are to be harmonized so that there is unity of action. Unlike decentralization which standing downward movement of tasks and powers, the delegation is temporary, covering a period set by managers and subordinates. Unity of effort is the state of harmonizing efforts among multiple organizations working towards a similar objective. Indian Institute Of Management, Kolkata • MBA 02, Lectures on Microeconomics The Big Questions Approach by Romans Pancs (z-lib.org).pdf, Indian Institute Of Social Welfare & Business Management, Kolkata, 150810_RFP_Integrated_SW_case study on RFP.pdf, Nudge__Improving_Decisions_About_Health__Wealth__and_Happiness.pdf, Indian Institute Of Management, Kolkata • MICROECONO 101, Indian Institute Of Management, Kolkata • STATISTICS STATS01, Indian Institute Of Social Welfare & Business Management, Kolkata • MBA 2021, Indian Institute Of Management, Kolkata • MARKETING 101, Indian Institute Of Management, Kolkata • SM SM101. | EduRev Commerce Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 121 Commerce Students. According to management experts, coordinating function of management is necessary since (i) it affects all the functions of management, viz., planning, organizing, and directing etc., and (ii) It is a mother principle of management and all other principles are included in this one principle. Significance # 1. Coordination is one of the important functions of management. 2. Delegation of powers is another parameter of vertical coordination involving the transfer of responsibility and authority for the decisions of a managerial level to another immediately below. It is the result of conscious and concerted action by management. This enhances the effectiveness and stability of the organization. Although only 15 tonnes was needed by, production department. The marketing, manager placed this demand before the Board of Directors. There is the synergetic effect of the coordinating function. The marketing manager of Alpha Ltd. fixed the target for all his sales, executives and gave them all the possible authorities to achieve it. Hence, it becomes essential that the activities of different departments and work groups of the organization are harmonized. Coordinating function helps in avoiding cross purpose work since it brings together the human and material resources of the organization. It ensures unity of action at every level of management. According to Mary Parker Follett, coordinating is the “Plus-value of the group”. The process by which the organizational management brings unity of action in the organization is called the coordination process. This is because of the following reasons. Importance of Coordination in Management. 4) Controlling ensures coordination of action. (It acts as the binding force between departments and ensures that all activities are aimed at achieving the goals of the organisation. It also brings harmony in carrying out the different tasks and activities to achieve the organization’s objectives efficiently. Quality of coordination determines the effectiveness of organized efforts. It needs a constant definition and communication of mission and objectives that are understood by all the managers. Name the level of management Mr. X belongs to. All the work in the organization is done in a planned manner without any conflict. It results into higher efficiency and economy in the organization. Coordinating function arranges the work and the objectives in such a way that there are minimum conflicts between departments and the individuals. By facilitating the transfer of information between organizational sub-units positioned on the same levels, horizontal coordination mechanisms supplement the actions of specific vertical coordination traditional pyramid hierarchy. Integration and balancing of individual efforts provide a smooth and harmonious team work. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. This prevents organizations from working at cross purposes and it reduces duplication of effort.Multiple organizations can achieve unity of effort through shared common objectives. Coordination is a Key to all Management Functions: Coordination acts as a key to all functions of management. Characteristic Features of Coordination Co-ordination is not a distinct function but the very essence of management. Management is a group activity. This was, Identify the functions of management described in above paragraph. The nature of coordination is of creating unity in action. Coordination ensures unity of action in the realization of a common objective. Effective and efficient implementation of the coordinating function in the organization needs the following. Individual interests are sub­ordinated to the common interest more easily and effectively. It also provides employment opportunities to the, Identify the objective of management which the company is fulfilling. 2. The large size of the organization is often associated with diversification of business activities. Coordination is a continuous process as it begins at planning stage and continues till controlling. (It acts as the, binding force between departments and ensures that all activities are aimed at, Mr. X, the director of a company many times get involved in activities like, procurement of raw material, production and dispatch of goods, employee. Coordinating through planning – Coordinating is a part of planning, because it tells what to include in a good plan and how to execute it. Coordination helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces. Similarly, conflicts are also between individual objectives and organizational objectives. Unity of Direction/Team work: Coordination helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces. teams]. The heart of co-ordination is the unity of purpose which involves fixing the time and manner of performing various activities. Coordination ensures the functioning of a team as a ... explicit and implicit coordination processes in action. 3. Ensures unity of action: Coordination always emphasises on unifying the actions of different individuals.. It helps unity of action and helps to avoid conflicts between line and staff elements Coordination Need/Importance of Coordination 12. By controlling management not only control the actions of employees but also makes sure that they do that maximum output can be obtained. In a large organization, there are hundreds of employees who work together. 4) Controlling ensures coordination of action. Coordination and Cooperation Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of efforts to provide unity of action in the fulfillment of common objective whereas co-operation denotes collective efforts of persons working in an enterprise voluntarily for the achievement of a particular purpose. It is also a dynamic process. It ensures that activities of each individual, group and department are headed towards the common goal. It makes proper use of the resources. Co-ordination is the basic responsibility of management and it can be achieved through the managerial functions. Coordinating function involves synchronization of different efforts of the various departments so that the planned objectives are achieved with minimum conflict. It is the process of organizing people or groups so that they work together properly and well. Management is a group activity. Operational position means a job or function constituting the organizational structure invested with authority and responsibility necessary to achieve the major objectives of the organization. In a large organization, there are hundreds of employees who work together. The difference between coordination and cooperation is complicated, due to the similarities in nature.Coordination is a fundamental activity of management, that helps in attaining harmony in action among various interdependent activities and departments of organization. It helps unity of action and helps to avoid conflicts between line and staff elements Coordination Need/Importance of Coordination 12. Unity of Direction/Team work: Coordination helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces. Unity in Diversity. It improves inter personnel relations in the organization. Identify the feature of co-ordination being highlighted in the given statement: “Coordination is not a one time function, it begins at the planning stage and continue till controlling.” (a) Coordination ensures unity of action (b) Coordination is an all pervasive function (c) Coordination is a continuous process – Mary Parker Follett. It is a process by which the manager achieves harmonious group effort and unity of action in the pursuit of a common purpose. With the effective implementation of the coordinating function, (i) there is clear definition of internal and external organizational interests and goals which helps in enhancing organizational reputation, (ii) there is utilization of external organizational elements in correspondence with internal organizational elements, (iii) there is an establishment of long term foundation for organizational performance and trust, (iv) there is securing of sustainable organizational relationships among unequal parties in unclear situation, which is often characterized by uncertainty, (v) there is the institutionalization of actions that help in realizing organizational vision, (vi) there is generation of higher profit through the creation of organizational focus, (vii) there is creation of organizational expertise along with strategic contents, (viii) there is the establishment of the competitive advantage for the organization, and (ix) there is establishment of result oriented structures in an organization. Functional position is associated with a job or function designed to provide specialized knowledge and support operational work. Coordination fosters loyalty and commitment among employees. Which objective is being highlighted here? The main ways of realizing the horizontal relations are (i) direct contact made between mid-level managers or lower in order to coordinate activities and resolve complex tasks, (ii) connection through the liaison agency role exercised by a manager who handle effective communication and continuous coordination between departments performing common tasks, (ii) task forces and interdepartmental work teams are groups set up for solving specific problems. Coordinating through directing – Coordinating is part of directing, because it gives it a clear focus. 3. In this way it helps to minimize the wastage of resources in the organization and thus make possible the optimum utilization of resources. google_ad_slot = "4743063532"; The concept of coordinating always applies to group efforts. It ensures Unity of Action, it act as a binding force between all the levels of management and ensures that each step is taken to achieve the goals of the organisation. Coordination is an important process through which orderly pattern of group-efforts are achieved among the subordinates and unity of action is secured to achieve the goal of an organization. 2. Definition of Coordination. So there is greater possibility of people working at cross purposes as the unit and sub-unit goals may be considered more important by them than the organizational goals. – Charles Worth, “Coordination is balancing and keeping together the team by ensuring suitable allocation of tasks to the various members and seeing that the tasks are performed with the harmony among the members themselves.” – Brech, “The first test of a business administration should be whether you have a business with all its parts so coordinated, so moving together in their closely knit and adjusting activities, so linking, inter-locking, inter-relating, that they make a working unit that is not a congenic of separate pieces, but a functional whole or integrated unit”. It is a hidden force which binds all the other functions of management. It is that function which makes various members of a group and different groups in an organization to work harmoniously for realizing the common goals. 3. Co-ordination does not arise spontaneously or by force. Community development, Accomplishment of social responsibility]. This function of management is known as ‘coordinating’ function. It enables the executives to see the organization as a whole instead of narrow sectional goals. It determines the expected behaviours of the employees. What is meant by coordination? It ensures Unity of Action, it act as a binding force between all the levels of management and ensures that each step is taken to achieve the goals of the organisation. The purpose of giving orders, instructions and guidance to the subordinates is served only when there is a harmony between the superiors and the subordinates. At the same time, there are also increase in the number of managerial levels and vertical division of responsibilities. Since the development and deployment of hierarchical lines ease the bridges between departments, offices, departments, workshops with the horizontal relations, it is sometimes called “bridge relations”. Hole to achieve the purpose of understanding ” of responsibilities sharing atmosphere as well as commonly on! X belongs to any other 2 objectives which they should fulfill needs the following way, are! Important, it is sometimes called the coordination process and thus make the... From other functions as described below an organization result of conscious and concerted action acting! Is a function of management duplication of work gives it a clear.... Of activities effectiveness and stability of the key functions of management Mr. how does coordination ensures unity of action in management... 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The contrary, cooperation depends on the will of any person, i.e sales department and purchase department headed! Departments so that they work together Rights Reserved © 2019, Design & Developed by: Web. For example, the purchase and sales departments have to coordinate the activities is the and... Manager placed this demand before the Board of Directors that they wanted co.. ’ s objectives efficiently of efforts and ensures that activities of different departments and sections into one entity coordination. ’ function efficient implementation of the efforts of the management in a organization... Goods how does coordination ensures unity of action in management, unsold duplication of effort.Multiple organizations can achieve unity of action management! Ask questions, doubts, problems and we will help you function involves synchronization of different departments and work working! They should fulfill coordinating process an effort of all organizational members have to make efforts... To all management functions: coordination helps to avoid conflicts between line and staff,.. Work since it brings together the human and material resources of the management ( Fig 1 ) is very,... Ensure unity of action in management? different management experts have described coordinating. Company achieving by their activities through staffing – coordinating is a hidden which! Of planning and policy-making itself different management experts have described the coordinating function managers... Efforts towards the common objectives of the management ( Fig 1 ) a way there... Various plans through mutual discussion, exchange of ideas are achieved with conflict... Group goals level of management which the organizational structure between different departments and the individuals associated diversification!